As our seas rise dangerously, tides, waves, and storms advance from the coasts to the interior. So much so that scientists think that even great lands will be submerged in the next century.
According to a new study, if we do not take the necessary measures and control global emissions by 2100, floods in coastal areas could increase by as much as 50 percent.
IanYoung, the engineer at the University of Melbourne, Australia, told CNBC: “We are trying to understand the scale of the global balance sheet that will be caused by future floods in coastal areas.” found in the description.
“We all have to understand that changes in nature will surface by 2100 and plan the steps we will take.”
Six hundred million people live at altitudes less than 10 meters above sea level. Therefore, even the steady rise in sea level endangers the inhabitants, homes, and infrastructure in that area.
The study considered the worst possibilities. It turns out that up to 287 million people, corresponding to four percent of the world’s population, could be affected by floods in coastal areas.
On the economic side, this scenario points out that about $ 14 trillion from coastal regions, or 20 percent of global GDP, will burn.
More interestingly, most of the floods will be caused by tides and storms that creep inland and are fueled by climate change. Regional sea-level rise alone will account for only 32 percent of floods.
Ebru Kirezci, the infrastructure engineer at the University of Melbourne, told The New York Times: “Even if the average sea level is rising slowly, the floods from high tides, storm waves, and breaking waves will be more and more severe.” made the statement.
“We have to take these risks into account.”
The model you see here is not very satisfactory; scientists warn that the findings will work for global predictions rather than local predictions. These estimates are based on research carried out on coasts in different locations and have been verified by cartographers in both normal and severe situations.
While predicting the future is already difficult, it becomes even more difficult considering the complexity of the air and water layers both globally and regionally. But giving these predictions a chance is essential when considering the crisis we are facing.
Scientists claim that “among the assumptions required to carry out such a global-scale study” they formed the model that “we will experience first” from the global effects of sea-level rise.
To reveal the details, more work needs to be done, especially in the regional sense. Some places in the world are already flooded, though.
In the United States, these hot spots are North Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland. In Europe, the United Kingdom, Northern France, and Northern Germany are among these regions. In Asia, China, Bangladesh, West Bengal, and parts of India. In the south of the world, it can be counted as the Northern Territories of Australia.
In the Pacific Islands, where sea-level rise poses a threat to life, high tide waves can dry up freshwater resources by moving the water layer.
Unfortunately, the world is only interfering with sea rise and climate change up to a point for now. We still have time and opportunity to stop the catastrophe this situation will cause. Therefore, we can take action by detecting and controlling these hot spots.
Such predictions provide us an opportunity to do this. Because whether we are prepared for the worst or not, that worst-case will find us.
The study has been published in Scientific Reports.