Here’s What Happens in Your Body When You Have Too Much Food
Whether at a barbecue with friends on a summer day, when your favorite meal is at the table, or a festive meal… There have been times when we all ate a lot of food in one sitting.
Much research has covered the health effects of excess calories taken. His research topics included increased body fat, hormone disorders, and skeletal muscle changes.
Nevertheless, we knew very little about how our body copes with overeating and what effects it has on our overall health, albeit once, which was the purpose of our recent study.
When people eat longer, they have more capacity to eat.
For example, members of the Massa tribe try to gain the most weight they can by eating as much food as they can at the traditional weight gain festival, Guru Walla.
A large number of members gained 11 kilos in just 2 months, which is roughly 8700 calories per day. This figure is more than 3 times the number recommended for adults.
This is a very extreme example, but what it shows is this; Our stomach can easily accept a lot of food, which is not a good thing. Eating too much even in as little as 24 hours can have negative health consequences such as increased blood sugar.
In our last study, we wanted to see and measure how much more people can eat after they are full, and its effects on the human body and metabolism in the hours after eating.
We recruited a group of 14 men, aged 22 to 37. In the first experiment, we told them to eat as much pizza as they could, and they ate about 1500 calories of pizza. This figure is less than the calorie value of a large pizza.
Eating twice as much as normal
Another day, we asked them to eat pizza until they were too thick to eat a single bite.
Interestingly, they ate twice as much as normal. This equates to about 3000 calories. It has even been seen that some individuals ate enough to take 4800 calories.
The conclusion we got here was this; When we feel full, our stomach is only half its capacity.
Blood samples were taken at regular intervals within 4 hours of the meal to see how the body reacts to these. Interestingly, people who ate twice the normal had only a small increase in blood sugar levels.
Keeping blood sugar and fat at normal levels shows how healthy a person’s metabolism is. It also gives a close estimate of whether a disease will occur in the future, including type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Metabolism works harder than usual in physically healthy and active people after eating too much to control fat and blood sugar levels.
We knew that hormones such as insulin released from the intestine and pancreas help the body regulate blood sugar levels. Increased heart rate in people after eating also confirms that the body is working hard to keep things under control.
We also measured how people felt after eating too much of a particular food by looking at their satiety, sleep state, and willingness.
Often there is room in our stomach for dessert, but the participants did not want to take a small piece of their favorite dessert even after 4 hours and they were quite sleepy without energy.
Too much food directly affects our health
We measured the participants only 4 hours after the meal. If we had measured 6 hours and 8 hours long, we would see different things, especially about the rise in blood sugar.
As a result, our research told us that eating too much in a 24-hour time frame directly affects our health.
The subject of further studies may be how our bodies react when we eat more than one meal.
Understanding how our body copes with high calories can help us understand what we’re doing wrong in the long run. Healthy people rely on their bodies at such times to maintain their metabolic control, knowing that their bodies increase their heart rate, insulin, and intestinal hormones to cope with these calories.
However, if this overeating is repeated at every meal, the problem of high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity arise and the body becomes unable to react to them.
Before we started our research, we were already waiting for the body to deal with excess calories. The most important point we saw here was that it did this immediately. His effort to get blood sugar under immediate control by raising blood pressure has demonstrated his extraordinary capacity.
Throughout history, humanity has faced famines and abundance. This study can give an idea of how to adapt to these.
Although we have worked with healthy and young individuals, we can work with people with type 2 diabetes and obesity in the next stages to see how their bodies react.
On the other hand, sometimes eating too much can be considered normal. The most important point here is that overeating regularly in the long term disrupts our metabolism and negatively affects our health. This is because we regularly consume excess calories, tire our metabolism, and gain extra weight.
AaronHengist, Ph.D. candidate, DepartmentforHealth, University of Bath; James Betts, Senior Lecturer in Nutrition, Metabolism, and Statistics, University of Bath, and Rob Edinburgh, PhD candidate, Health, University of Bath.