Is Our World’s Salvation Hidden In Mushrooms?
The mushrooms we eat on pizza can revolutionize the removal of toxic waste, furniture production, textiles, and construction.
Scientists have long been working to help mushrooms have a wider range of uses. You can watch the video that was published in 2016 on this subject and is the basis of this article.
When we come to 2020, we see that most of the studies are more concrete solutions to many social and even universal problems. Firms are intensely trying to integrate cork-based products into their production wheels.
Of course, it’s not just the edible tops of the mushrooms mentioned here, but rather the mycelium nets under the ground. By processing these network roots, which allow mushrooms to be connected under the ground, very robust and still very light products can be obtained.
It was discovered that a fungus found in the Amazon jungle grinds polyurethane hard plastics and uses them as food.
Of course, mycelium is not limited to these properties. The needs of this netroots, which feed the mushrooms, are quite simple and economical. Water, air, and easily available food sources. Some of these food sources are; potato peels, kitchen scraps, fertilizers, garbage, coffee mugs (yes, you know, cup), textiles, and industrial waste.
Since mushrooms are a wide variety of creatures, some species can produce food from all these sources. Some species can even use and destroy toxic metals, arsenic, and even radioactive waste as food. In 2011, it was discovered that a fungus found in the Amazon jungle grinds polyurethane hard plastics and uses them as food.
If we come to other properties of mycelium. The first feature we said is its robustness and lightness, another feature is that it can be enlarged as desired. It is quite easy to provide the desired shape even while it is still growing by using molds. In this way, it is possible to use it in a wide area from plastic-free bags to complex wall blocks in the simplest form.
By the way, it has been used in these areas for years. In recent years, it has begun to be used in more tangible products, and the main issue in this article is that mushrooms have started to take place in the products we use frequently in daily life.
Shoes, clothes, vases, lamps, tables, and chairs are the products we use in our daily lives and for designers who attach importance to the environmentalist approach in recent years, cork-based products are preferred both economically and because they do not harm the environment.
However, one of the main points of interest is the idea that it is possible to create a habitable surface on Mars thanks to mushrooms. Scientists think that it is not very difficult to create a more suitable soil float on the surface of Mars thanks to the fungus species, and they have already started to develop concept studies. It should not be forgotten that these studies will yield results after years.
If we go back to Earth, mushrooms are already among the solutions used to increase soil cover productivity and clean the environment. One of the best examples was the use of “oil-eating” mushrooms to clean up poisoned soil after the world’s largest oil spill affecting the Ecuadorian rainforest.
The potential in the mushroom universe with 1.4 million species does not end with these, of course. Fungi, which come to the focus with their rapidly spreading use in the fields of medicine, medicine, and biotechnology, are also popular with their resistance to viruses and microbes. In short, the days when we would say mushrooms are our saviors and our future don’t seem far away.