The World’s Deadliest Psychological Disorder
Mental health disorders are one of the hardest things to deal with and deal with in this world. The dimensions of mental health disorders, which can be triggered by trauma, can be passed genetically, and are very difficult for anyone living, can also be very large and serious.
Disorders such as bipolar disorder, depression, schizophrenia, multiple personality disorders, various anxiety disorders, and panic attacks are also the most difficult to combat.
In uneducated societies, individuals with such disorders, unfortunately, cannot express themselves sufficiently to avoid social isolation and hesitate to ask for help.
It is worth mentioning. Whatever you feel, think, and live with, you are very important and there are always people you can talk to with whom you can share your thoughts. Feel free to ask for help and open yourself up.
On the other hand, when we say a fatal psychological illness, there may be a few diseases that are engraved in our minds due to prejudices or the movies we watch. But the deadliest mental health disorder in the world is Anorexia Nervosa.
What is Anorexia Nervosa?
Anorexia is an eating disorder that occurs with the changes in hormones during adolescence, entering different social environments, newly forming our body perception, and wrong effects.
Anorexia is a very insidious disease that occurs with a phobia of weight gain, leading to behaviors such as excessive exercise, not eating, and counting calories. This eating disorder, which affects both the body and the mind, causes chronic fatigue, fatigue, excessive weight loss due to the body’s inability to get enough nutrients, menstrual irregularities, intestinal problems, weakening in the immune system, memory problems, and death.
Due to the dryness of the skin, graying can be seen. Patients have a low heart rate and blood pressure. Hair looks fragile and lifeless, and body temperature and bone density decrease. There is an increase in body hair. The aim is to keep the body warm.
Patients can use laxatives and diuretics in order not to gain weight and vomit the food they eat. Since their appetite disappears after a while, they start not being fed at all. Patients are generally individuals between the ages of 12-20 who experience depression in the family, school, work, or emotional issues.
Early diagnosis is very important in anorexia patients. It is aimed to bring the body back to its old order and to nourish it before it reaches irreversible points.
How Does Anorexia Nervosa Damage the Body and the Brain?
Insufficient calorie intake: Your brain makes up only 2% of your body weight, but uses 20 to 30% of the calories you consume and 20% of the oxygen and blood flow in your body. Putting the body into chronic starvation mode means your brain isn’t getting the calories it needs to function optimally.
Changes in brain structure: Studies have found that anorexic people have decreased gray matter volumes. Gray matter includes areas of the brain that are involved in muscle control and sensory perception such as vision and hearing, memory, emotions, speech, decision-making, and self-control.
Decreases cognitive function: A neuroimaging study among women who have stopped menstruation noted decreases in cognitive abilities as well as changes in brain structure.
Co-occurring mental health disorders: Studies show that around 50% of anorexic people suffer from anxiety disorders, including obsessive-compulsive disorder and social phobia. Depression is seen in approximately 33-50% of anorexic individuals. Other mental health problems common in people with eating disorders include PTSD and substance abuse.
One reason eating disorders such as anorexia are so fatal is that they are not taken seriously. These conditions are often denied as unimportant. Family members and loved ones may think that the struggling person is just “going through a stage” and “getting out of it”.
However, anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate among psychological disorders.
In one study, individuals with anorexia nervosa had a death rate of 5.35 – that is, five times more likely to die than their matched peers in the general population.
Loughborough University studied 1000 patients diagnosed with eating disorders for a study. Again, it was observed that anorexia patients experienced the highest mortality rates among patients with eating disorders. Anorexia increases a person’s death five times compared to healthy people. This means that anorexia is roughly three times more deadly than other eating disorders.
The sad thing is that people with anorexia usually die from one of two causes. Either their bodies ‘shut down’ due to lack of food or the individual commits suicide.
To prevent this disturbance, which is dangerous, young individuals between the ages of 12-20 should be given body awareness and their body perception should not be impaired. Because the disease is insidious, families should closely follow their children’s eating habits. The mental state of young people is taken seriously and against observed behaviors; Discourses such as “passes by itself”, “not being spoiled”, “try to attract attention” should not be made.
It should not be forgotten that all difficulties, diseases, and problems can be overcome together. If you have such a problem, do not bother and share it. We are here as hundreds of thousands of people who want to help.