### science

# Turning Points in World Mathematical History!

While there is no Nobel Prize in mathematics, mathematical science results are known as the most accurate science, and formulas used hundreds of years old to date. For this reason, the brainlessler.net team has compiled the greatest achievements and the most important scientists in the history of mathematics from Ancient Greece to modern mathematics for you, our valuable readers. We wish you pleasant reading …

#### When magic takes the place of math

3,000 years ago, the Greeks began to look for logical explanations for natural phenomena, thus laying the foundations of geometry and arithmetic. Among the prominent figures in these studies were Theano, the first female mathematician in history, and Pythagoras, the father of numbers.

#### MEASURING THE DIAMETER OF THE WORLD WITH A BAR

A few centuries later, the Greek mathematician Eratosthenes calculated the diameter of the earth using a Rod glued to the ground and his rule of three. This calculation was centuries before proof of the roundness of the earth.

#### MATHEMATICS FOR NAPOLEON

Many inventions, such as tomography (CT or CAT) scanning, data storage in mobile phones, and equalizers in the music industry, are due to the mathematical achievements of the Frenchman Joseph Fourier in the early 19th century. The scientist, a member of Napoleon’s staff, is also known for his contribution to thermodynamics.

#### NEWTON’S TOP SUCCESSFUL YEARS

Isaac Newton developed theorems such as differential and integral calculus in a very short time when he was 23 years old. These equations, which are still taught today, have created a revolution in modern science with their application.

#### RECOVERING MATH

The debates of other mathematical scientists in the early 20th century about the theorems of infinity, integrity, and continuity did not gain this clarity. The advancement of mathematics gained momentum after it was resolved by eminent scientists such as Kurt Gödel and Alan Turing.

(Kurt Gödel is an Austrian-American logician, mathematician, and mathematical philosopher. He is known for Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorem, known by his name.)

#### MATHEMATICS AS A INTEGRITY OF MEANING

At the beginning of the 20th century, it was not easy for Emmy Noether to be a science-savvy Jewish woman in old Germany. But that didn’t stop him from becoming one of the greatest mathematics figures of his time. Despite not having access to the university, she formulated the basic theories to understand relativity.

#### CALCULATE POSSIBILITIES

Over the centuries, many of the physical phenomena that occur in nature have been randomly classified. However, scientists from different fields have begun to investigate the predictability of these events.

The butterfly effect term used to describe the chaos theorem, in which with the adoption of dynamical systems, small variations give completely disproportionate results, gave rise to other terms such as the Smale horseshoe or the Feigenbaum constant.

#### CARTESIAN MATHEMATICS

Descartes, the father of rationalism, is known for his work in philosophy with the principle of “I think, therefore I am”. However, their success in mathematics is also at a level that cannot be underestimated. He was hired by the Swedish queen of the time to pursue his studies on Cartesian origins.

#### ZERO RISE

The Middle Ages in India have been very fruitful in terms of mathematics. Classical Indian thinkers developed the classic arithmetic that future Arabs would use. This would not have been possible without the number zero added to the digital system. This made them work like never before. Indian scientists have made an authentic mathematical revolution in which the world of numbers will never be the same again.

#### ORIGINS OF MATHEMATICS

Alexandria was one of the most important intellectual centers of the ancient world. The existence of cultures, museums, and libraries has made the city, where scientists from different fields gather, into a world-class information criterion.

Writing one of the most impressive books in history, the mathematician Euclid wrote “Elements of Euclid,” which modern mathematicians will and will lay the foundations of geometry for years.

#### ALGEBRA OF AL-KHWARISM

Like Alexandria, Baghdad was an important meeting point for scholars and thinkers from the Arab world. Hârizmî, or fully known as Abu Ja’far Muhammed bin Mûsâ el-Hârizmî, in this context, inherited the creation of zero by the Indians and developed the foundations of algebra.

Today we call this name “algorithm”.

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